By Joseph F. O'Callaghan
By the center of the fourteenth century, Christian keep watch over of the Iberian Peninsula prolonged to the borders of the emirate of Granada, whose Muslim rulers stated Castilian suzerainty. not threatened by means of Moroccan incursions, the kings of Castile have been diverted from finishing the Reconquest by way of civil conflict and conflicts with neighboring Christian kings. aware, notwithstanding, in their conventional aim of convalescing lands previously governed by way of the Visigoths, whose heirs they claimed to be, the Castilian monarchs persevered intermittently to attack Granada till the overdue 15th century.
Matters replaced thereafter, whilst Fernando and Isabel introduced a decade-long attempt to subjugate Granada. using artillery and expending substantial sums of cash, they methodically conquered each one Naṣrid stronghold till the capitulation of town of Granada itself in 1492. powerful army and naval association and entry to a variety of monetary assets, joined with papal crusading merits, facilitated the ultimate conquest. all through, the Naṣrids had emphasised the urgency of a jihād waged opposed to the Christian infidels, whereas the Castilians affirmed that the expulsion of the "enemies of our Catholic religion" used to be an important, simply, and holy reason. The essentially spiritual personality of this final level of clash can't be doubted, Joseph F. O'Callaghan argues.