Download Denmark, 1513-1660: The Rise and Decline of a Renaissance by Paul Douglas Lockhart PDF

By Paul Douglas Lockhart

one of many biggest states in Europe and the best of the Protestant powers, Denmark within the 16th and 17th centuries was once on the top of its effect. Embracing Norway, Iceland, parts of southern Sweden and northern Germany, the Danish monarchy ruled the very important Baltic exchange. despite the fact that, its geopolitical value some distance handed its modest assets. Paul Douglas Lockhart examines the quick and maybe not going profession of Denmark because the significant strength of
northern Europe, exploring its upward thrust to the vanguard of ecu affairs and its next decline in fortunes following its disastrous involvement within the Thirty Years' War.

Using the newest learn from Danish and different Scandinavian students Lockhart makes a speciality of key matters, from the dynamic function of the Oldenburg monarchy in bringing approximately Denmark's 'European integration', to the influence of the Protestant Reformation on Danish tradition. The multi-national personality of the Danish monarchy is explored in-depth, specifically how the Oldenburg kings of Denmark sought to set up their authority over their sizable-and generally contentious-Norwegian, Icelandic, and
German minorities. Denmark's participation in foreign politics and trade is usually investigated, in addition to the ability fight among Denmark and its rival Sweden over Baltic dominion, and the Danes' special approach to inner governance.

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Download German Peasants and Agrarian Politics, 1914-1924: The by Robert G. Moeller PDF

By Robert G. Moeller

Robert Moeller investigates the German peasantry's rejection of the Weimar Republic within the Twenties and offers a brand new interpretation of Catholic peasant conservatism in western Germany. in line with Moeller, rural help for conservative political strategies to the Weimar Republic used to be the results of a chain of critical monetary jolts that all started in 1914 and persisted unabated until eventually 1933.

During the past due 19th century, peasant farmers within the Rhineland and Wesphalia adjusted their construction to a capitalist marketplace and loved an exceptional interval of prosperity that lasted till the outbreak of worldwide conflict I. After August 1914 peasant manufacturers faced kingdom intervention within the agricultural quarter, legislation of costs and markets, and the subordination of agrarian pursuits to the calls for of city shoppers. A managed financial system for plenty of agricultural items persevered into the postwar period.

Focusing at the Catholic peasantry, Moeller exhibits that peasant rejection of the Weimar Republic was once firmly grounded within the rapid conditions of the conflict financial system and the asymmetric means of postwar restoration. He demanding situations the dominant view that rural help for conservative political recommendations was once essentially the fabricated from the peasantry's hostility towards commercial capitalism and of long term social and political affinities relationship from the 19th century. Moeller's findings convey that conservative agrarian ideology was once conscientiously formulated in accordance with the explicit peasant grievances that originated during this interval of continuous financial and political crisis.

Originally released in 1986.

A UNC Press Enduring version -- UNC Press Enduring variations use the most recent in electronic expertise to make on hand back books from our exotic backlist that have been formerly out of print. those variations are released unaltered from the unique, and are offered in reasonable paperback codecs, bringing readers either old and cultural value.

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Download Aspects of the Renaissance by Archibald R. Lewis PDF

By Archibald R. Lewis

The Renaissance has lengthy posed an issue to students. it's been generalized as an emergence of mind and may in all fields of human activity, yet since it is diversely manifested in various attitudes and varieties at numerous instances within the Western international, this great period of Western ecu background has resisted definitive boundaries.

To support make clear the issues inherent within the learn of the Renaissance and its dating to the previous and next old sessions, a world convention was once held in Austin, Texas, in April, 1964, together backed via the South vital Renaissance convention and The collage of Texas. the 10 papers the following awarded show how through the symposium major students representing numerous educational disciplines shared their methods and insights into the politics, economics, technology, literature, paintings, tune, philosophy, and faith of this complicated era.

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Download The Debate on the Trial of the Templars (1307–1314) by Jochen Burgtorf,Dr Burgtorf Jochen,Paul F, Dr Crawford,Helen PDF

By Jochen Burgtorf,Dr Burgtorf Jochen,Paul F, Dr Crawford,Helen J, Professor Nicholson

Seven hundred years after the dissolution of the order, the trial of the Templars nonetheless arouses huge, immense controversy and hypothesis. In October 1307, all of the brothers of the military-religious order of the Temple in France have been arrested at the directions of King Philip IV and charged with heresy and different crimes. In 1312, Pope Clement V, on the Council of Vienne, dissolved the order.

Since the Seventies, there was expanding scholarly curiosity within the trial, and a sequence of books and articles have widened students' realizing of reasons of this infamous affair, its direction and its aftermath. even though, many gaps in wisdom and figuring out stay. What have been the Templars doing within the months and years sooner than the trial? Why did the king of France assault the Order? What facts is there for the Templars' guilt? What grew to become of the Templars and their estate after the tip of the Order?

This ebook collects jointly the learn of either junior and senior students from all over the world in an effort to determine the present country of scholarship and establish components for brand spanking new study. person chapters study a number of elements of the historical past to the trial, the monetary, political and non secular context of the trial in France, the worth of the Templars' stories, and examine the trial around the entire of Europe, from Poland and Cyprus to eire and Portugal. instead of attempting to shut the dialogue at the trial of the Templars, this e-book opens a brand new bankruptcy within the ongoing scholarly debate.

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Download Croatia Early Religion Conflict and War, a long history: The by Samuel Ash PDF

By Samuel Ash

From April 1941 until eventually may well 1945, a Croatian nation existed as a part of Hitler's Europe. It used to be the 'Nezavisna` Drzava Hrvatska', and known as the NDH. The Catholic Bishops and monks of Croatia were accused of welcoming the institution of this country, and the arriving to energy of Ante Pavelic's Ustasha circulation. it's alleged that this used to be led by means of committed Catholics aiming to make Croatia thoroughly Catholic, and that as its inhabitants integrated million Orthodox Christians, they deliberate to kill or expel those that refused to convert.
It is extra alleged that the country and Church either issued edicts and legislation to advertise this target. it's asserted that Ustasha detachments, led through Catholic monks, slaughtered thousands of Orthodox males, ladies and youngsters. it's stated that the complicity of the Church is proven by way of the absence of any condemnations via the Catholic hierachy. additionally, even supposing conscious of what was once taking place, the Pope welcomed Pavelic to Rome and thought of him a "much maligned man".

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Download The Nobility and Excellence of Women and the Defects and by Lucrezia Marinella,Letizia Panizza,Anne Dunhill PDF

By Lucrezia Marinella,Letizia Panizza,Anne Dunhill

A talented poet, a women's rights activist, and a professional on ethical and ordinary philosophy, Lucrezia Marinella (1571-1653) was once identified all through Italy because the best girl highbrow of her age. Born right into a kinfolk of Venetian physicians, she was once inspired to review, and, thankfully, she didn't proportion the destiny of lots of her lady contemporaries, who have been compelled to hitch convents or have been confused to marry early. Marinella loved an extended literary occupation, writing regularly non secular, epic, and pastoral poetry, and biographies of recognized girls in either verse and prose.

Marinella's masterpiece, The the Aristocracy and Excellence of girls, and the Defects and Vices of Men used to be first released in 1600, composed at a livid velocity in resolution to Giusepe Passi's diatribe approximately women's alleged defects. This polemic monitors Marinella's great wisdom of the Italian poetic culture and demonstrates her skill to argue opposed to authors of the misogynist culture from Boccaccio to Torquato Tasso. attempting to impact genuine social switch, Marinella argued that morally, intellectually, and in lots of alternative ways, ladies are better to men.

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Download The Medieval City State: An Essay on Tyranny and Federation by M.V. Clarke PDF

By M.V. Clarke

In Clarke’s essay The Medieval urban State, she argues that the traditional governmental department is among important and localised governments. during this learn, she specializes in the belief of the town country and native strength rather than absolutism within the heart a while. initially released in 1926, this learn appears at difficulties that could come up with neighborhood strength and even if nations reminiscent of Italy, Germany and Switzerland benefited or have been harmed via their executive sort. This name can be of curiosity to scholars of history.

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Download Armenia Christiana: Armenian Religious Identity and the by Krzysztof Stopka PDF

By Krzysztof Stopka

This publication offers the dramatic and complicated tale of Armenia's ecclesiastical relatives with Byzantine and thus Roman Christendom within the center a long time. it truly is equipped on a extensive beginning of resources – Armenian, Greek, Latin, and Syrian chronicles and files, specially the plentiful correspondence among the Holy See and the Armenian Church. Krzysztof Stopka examines difficulties straddling the disciplines of heritage and theology and pertinent to a severe, notwithstanding no longer well known, episode within the tale of the fight for Christian unity.

Krzysztof Stopka is a Cracovian expert in medieval heritage. he's head of the dep. of the background of tradition and the instructing of historical past on the Jagiellonian college, and likewise director of the Jagiellonian college Museum. His paintings on Armenian matters contains Polish-language books at the Armenian Church within the East ecu diaspora within the center a while and the historical past of the Armenians in Poland, displaying their contribution to shine tradition. he's co-author of Ormianska Warszawa (2013), a booklet at the Armenians of Warsaw, which was once offered a best prize within the Clio Contest, the most Polish festival for books on history.

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Download Selected Essays: with La Boétie's Discourse on Voluntary by Michel de Montaigne,James B. Atkinson,David Sices PDF

By Michel de Montaigne,James B. Atkinson,David Sices

"This new version of Montaigne's most crucial essays is an excellent success, one who effectively brings jointly in available shape the paintings of 2 significant writers of Renaissance France. the interpretation via James B. Atkinson and David Sices is exact, transparent, readable, and conveys Montaigne's personable kind elegantly to fashionable readers of English. The notes are authoritative and discovered, yet by no means intrusive, and the creation superbly locations Montaigne's paintings in context. No much less awesome is the inclusion of a chic English model of l. a. Boetie's Discourse on Voluntary Servitude, that is either a key to knowing a lot of Montaigne and an enormous piece of early glossy political idea. this can be now the default model of Montaigne in English." --Timothy Hampton, Professor of French and Comparative Literature, college of California, Berkeley

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Download The Witches' Ointment: The Secret History of Psychedelic by Thomas Hatsis PDF

By Thomas Hatsis

An exploration of the ancient origins of the “witches’ ointment” and medieval hallucinogenic drug practices in line with the earliest assets

• information how early smooth theologians demonized psychedelic people magic into “witches’ ointments”

• stocks dozens of psychoactive formulation and recipes gleaned from infrequent manuscripts from college collections worldwide in addition to the practices and magical incantations helpful for his or her guidance

• Examines the practices of medieval witches like Matteuccia di Francisco, who used hallucinogenic medicines in her love potions and natural arrangements

In the medieval interval arrangements with hallucinogenic herbs have been a part of the perform of veneficium, or poison magic. This number of magical arts used poisons, herbs, and rituals to bewitch, heal, prophesy, infect, and homicide. within the type of psyche-magical ointments, poison magic may possibly set off robust hallucinations and surrealistic desires that enabled direct adventure of the Divine. Smeared at the epidermis, those entheogenic ointments have been acknowledged to let witches to commune with a number of neighborhood goddesses, bastardized by way of the Church as journeys to the Sabbat--clandestine conferences with devil to benefit magic and perform demonic orgies.

Examining trial files and the pharmacopoeia of witches, alchemists, people healers, and heretics of the fifteenth century, Thomas Hatsis information how a variety of principles from folks medications to ecclesiastical fears over drugs ladies merged to shape the classical “witch” stereotype and what historical past has referred to as the “witches’ ointment.” He stocks dozens of psychoactive formulation and recipes gleaned from infrequent manuscripts from college collections from around the globe in addition to the practices and magical incantations useful for his or her coaching. He explores the connections among witches’ ointments and spells for form moving, spirit go back and forth, and bewitching magic. He examines the practices of a few Renaissance magicians, who inhaled robust medications to speak with spirits, and of Italian folk-witches, corresponding to Matteuccia di Francisco, who used hallucinogenic medicinal drugs in her love potions and natural arrangements, and Finicella, who used drug ointments to visualize herself remodeled right into a cat.

Exploring the untold historical past of the witches’ ointment and medieval hallucinogen use, Hatsis unearths how the Church remodeled people drug practices, particularly entheogenic ones, into satanic experiences.

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