Download Elements of Chemistry (Dover Books on Chemistry) by Antoine Lavoisier PDF

By Antoine Lavoisier

The debt of contemporary chemistry to Antoine Lavoisier (1743–1794) is incalculable. With Lavoisier's discoveries of the compositions of air and water (he gave the area the time period 'oxygen') and his research of the method of combustion, he used to be capable of bury as soon as and for all of the then popular phlogiston doctrine. He additionally well-known chemical parts because the final residues of chemical research and, with others, labored out the beginnings of the fashionable approach of nomenclature. His untimely loss of life by the hands of a innovative tribunal is surely one of many saddest losses within the heritage of science.
Lavoisier's theories have been promulgated generally through a piece he released in 1789: Traité élémentairede Chimie. The recognized English translation by way of Robert Kerr used to be issued a yr later. Incorporating the notions of the "new chemistry," the booklet rigorously describes the experiments and reasoning which led Lavoisier to his conclusions, conclusions that have been usually approved through the medical neighborhood presently. it's not an excessive amount of to assert that Lavoisier's Traité did for chemistry what Newton's Principia did for physics, and that Lavoisier based smooth chemistry.
Part one of many Traité covers the composition of the ambience and water, and comparable experiments, one in all which (on vinous fermentation) allows Lavoisier to make the 1st specific assertion of the legislation of the conservation of subject in chemical swap. the second one half offers with the compounds of acids with quite a few bases, giving vast tables of compounds. Its most important merchandise, even though, is the desk of easy elements or components — the 1st smooth record of the chemical parts. The 3rd component to the ebook studies in minute aspect the equipment and tools of chemistry and their makes use of. a few of these tools, and so forth. are illustrated within the component of plates on the end.
This new facsimile version is superior via an introductory essay by way of Douglas McKie, collage collage London, one of many world's most outstanding historians of technology. Prof. McKie provides a good survey of historic advancements in chemistry best as much as the Traité, Lavoisier's significant contributions, his paintings in different fields, and gives a serious evaluate of the significance of this e-book and Lavoisier's function within the historical past of chemistry. This new essay is helping to make this an authoritative, modern English-language variation of 1 of the ideally suited classics of science.

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