By Megan Birk
Drawing on establishment documents, correspondence from young ones and site households, and kingdom experiences, Megan Birk scrutinizes how the farm procedure developed--and how the kids concerned could have develop into a few of America's final indentured employees. among 1850 and 1900, as much as one-third of farm houses contained young children from outdoor the family members. Birk finds how the nostalgia connected to lost perceptions approximately fit, family-based exertions masked the realities of abuse, overwork, and loveless upbringings endemic within the method. She additionally considers how rural humans cared for his or her personal young children whereas being bombarded with dependents from in other places. eventually, Birk strains how the ills linked to rural placement finally pressured reformers to transition to a process of paid foster care, adoptions, and relatives preservation.
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