By Antonella, Dr Liuzzo Scorpo
Private and public relationships among members or teams - often labelled as friendships - have performed a vital position in human societies. but, over the centuries rules and meanings of friendship reworked, adapting to the political and social weather of a interval, and therefore resisting inflexible definitions. altering suggestions and practices of friendship characterised the highbrow, social, political and cultural landscape of medieval Europe, together with that of the attention-grabbing and but understudied thirteenth-century Iberia. The Peninsula’s attention-grabbing heritage, because the topic of conquests and ‘Reconquest’, land of convivencia, but in addition of rebellions, political instability, and secular and non secular overseas power-struggles, makes the articulation of friendship inside its borders a very fraught topic to study.
Drawing on many of the encyclopaedic masterpieces produced within the scriptorium of ‘The clever’ and ‘The discovered’ King, Alfonso X of Castile (1252-84) - specifically the Marian songs of the Cantigas de Santa María, the legislation code of the Siete Partidas and the chronicle Estoria de España - this research explores the political, spiritual and social networks, inter-faith and gender relationships, criminal definitions, in addition to bonds of tutorship and companionship, that have been usually outlined in the course of the vocabulary and rhetoric of friendship. This examine additionally highlights how the values and meanings of amicitia, frequently linked to classical, Roman, Visigothic, Arabic and japanese traditions, have been later reworked to conform to Alfonso X’s cultural tasks and political propaganda.
This ebook contributes to the research of the heritage of feelings and cultural histories of the center a long time, whereas additionally including one other the most important piece to the wider historiographical debate at present not easy the main conventional view of the Iberian Peninsula’s ‘exceptionalism’. This interdisciplinary learn considers no matter if Iberia could be particularly regarded as a peripheral, yet nonetheless important, ring in a sequence which associated it to the remainder of Europe, whereas occupying a valuable position within the historic and cultural advancements of the Western Mediterranean.
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